Amitabh Bacchan decides to drive his new Aston Martin luxury car and asks his driver to sit on the back seat.
A Police Hawaldar stops the car for jumping the signal.
On seeing Amitabh driving the car, he calls his ACP and asks him “Sir signal jumping ke liye gaadi rokki hai. Lekin challan nahi de sakta. Gadi mein bahut bada Sahab baitha hai. Kya karoon?”
ACP asks “Kaun sahab hai gaadi main?”
Hawaldar “Pata nahi kaun sahab hai. Lekin usne Amitabh Bachhan ko driver rakha hai.”
Amitabh shocked !
Actually AB Rocks…
Last but not the least… It’s ymmyyyyy
For recipe… follow!!!
Hedge fund is a private investment partnership and funds pool that uses varied and complex proprietary strategies and invests or trades in complex products, including listed and unlisted derivatives.
Put simply, a hedge fund is a pool of money that takes both short and long positions, buys and sells equities, initiates arbitrage, and trades bonds, currencies, convertible securities, commodities and derivative products to generate returns at reduced risk. As the name suggests, the fund tries to hedge risks to investor’s capital against market volatility by employing alternative investment approaches.
Hedge fund investors typically include high net worth individuals (HNIs) and families, endowments and pension funds, insurance companies, and banks. These funds work either as private investment partnerships or offshore investment corporations. They are not required to be registered with the securities markets regulator and are not subject to the reporting requirements, including periodic disclosure of NAVs.
There are many strategies a hedge fund may use to generate returns. One such strategy is global macros, where the fund takes long and short positions in large financial markets based on the views influenced by economic trends. Then there are funds that work on market-neutral strategies. Here, the goal of the fund manager is to minimise market risks by investing in long/short equity funds, convertible bonds, arbitrage funds, and fixed income products.
Another type includes event-driven funds that invest in stocks to take advantage of price movements generated by corporate events. Merger arbitrage funds and distressed asset funds fall into this category.
Perpetual bond, which is also known as a ‘perpetual’ or ‘perp’, is a bond with no maturity date. The issuers pay coupons on perpetual bonds forever, and they do not have to redeem the principal. Perpetual bond cash flows are, therefore, those of perpetuity.
A perpetual bond works like a life-time, irredeemable fixed deposit, with bond holders getting fixed coupon every year. In India, due to rate volatility, issuers fix a call option, which could be activated after 5 or 10 years, giving investors an exit. These bonds typically have a face value of `10 lakh and trade in the wholesale debt market in lots
Under the Basel-III requirement, an international capital standard, perpetual bonds or AT1 securities are more of a quasi-equity obligation. If an issuing bank incurs losses in a financial year, it cannot make coupon payment to its bondholders even if it has enough cash.
Moreover, if the equity capital of the issuer falls below 6.125%, the entire investment of bondholders would be either written down or converted to equity.
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